Museums and Art

Ivan Fomich Khrutsky, biography and paintings

Ivan Fomich Khrutsky, biography and paintings

Belarusian artist I. He was a well-deserved man who invested in his work a huge supply of spiritual energy, creative excellence and limitless interest in the world around him. His whole life was full of goodness, warmth, divine love for people and an inexhaustible flight of inspiration!

The future artist was born into a large family of a priest, Polish nobleman Tomos Foma Khrutsky. Mother was engaged in housework and raising children. From childhood, the child was surrounded by a religious atmosphere. He liked his father's occupation, and he attended the temple with interest. Ivan was very fond of nature, animals, solitude. He was attracted to everything unusual. He had to continue the family tradition and become a priest.

At the age of ten, parents sent their son to Polotsk, where the boy entered the highest public relations school. The monastic Catholic order was engaged in Christian education and training of youth. In it, Ivan received an excellent education. The training was conducted in Polish. Lyceum teachers taught God's law, foreign languages, mathematics, geometry, physics, geography, natural history and drawing. The boy quickly grasped all the knowledge. At the Lyceum, he showed great interest in drawing. Ivan Khrutsky did not become a priest, but retained in his soul all that was dear to him!

At seventeen, the young man went to St. Petersburg. There he was enrolled in the famous Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, worked as a student under the English landscape painter George Dow, who taught him various secrets of artistic skill. The mentor painted portraits of Russian commanders for the military gallery of the Winter Palace. Under his talented leadership, Khrutsky worked for three years.

The young man received permission to visit the Hermitage, where he was engaged in copying the works of great masters. He was familiar with famous painters who showed him the world of beauty on canvas! Ivan Khrutsky studied in the workshop of M. Vorobyov, in the class of A. Warnes, with the great academicians K. Bryullov and F. Bruni. The brush master painted canvases in the Venetian manner of painting, paying great attention to peasant everyday scenes.

In 1836, he graduated from the Academy and received the title of free artist. Khrutsky was honorably awarded at the Academy of Fine Arts with large and small silver medals. It was his great merit in art. He painted for the imperial family. Emperor Nicholas 1 solemnly handed him a watch on a gold chain as a reward for his creative work.

The gifted artist was happy to do landscape painting. He painted on the canvas Elagin island and his native land. Portraits of people the master of the brush loved to paint against the background of still lifes. He was an excellent master of his craft, he worked seriously and gloriously! He was well at work with the image of fruits, flowers and vegetables.

“Portrait of an Unknown Woman with Flowers and Fruits” is a special work of the artist! It is housed in the National Art Museum of Belarus. Her plot is depicted on a modern thousandth banknote of Belarus. Many of his art masterpieces have been successful at exhibitions. In the artist’s paintings, the Biedermeier style was used, which he used to write family and everyday scenes and unrivaled interiors. In them, he lyrically sang love for the family.

In 1839, after the death of his father, he left St. Petersburg for his homeland and became a support for his loved ones. In his penates, he created portraits. In 1844, the artist built a house and cultivated a chic garden. A year later, Ivan Khrutiy married Anna Bembnovskaya, a Catholic, the daughter of a military officer.

1846 brought the artist a proposal for cooperation with Metropolitan I. Semashko. He painted him paintings to order. Khrutsky worked for the benefit of the church for eight years: he painted icons for churches, cathedrals and monasteries, as well as for the country house of the metropolitan. He created portraits of his friends and colleagues, views of the surroundings of the Lithuanian town of Vilna, various interiors, still lifes, copies from paintings by European artists.

In 1855, he painted a portrait of the poet Adam Mickiewicz. One of his last artworks, Self-Portrait, 1884.

Ivan Fomich Khrutsky left the earthly world on January 1, 1885. Nowadays, postage stamps and postcards have released images dedicated to his unforgettable work. On the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the artist's birth, a silver coin with a face value of twenty rubles was published. The memory of the artist will be forever!


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