Museums and Art

Stanislav Yulianovich Zhukovsky, artist: paintings and biography

Stanislav Yulianovich Zhukovsky, artist: paintings and biography

Zhukovsky Stanislav Yulianovich - Russian painter of Polish origin. Now it is Belarus.

The family of the future artist was greatly affected by the repressions of the authorities after the Polish uprising of 1863. His parents were nobles, deprived of titles and estates for helping the rebels.

The talent of the future painter showed up quite early. When he studied at a real school in Bialystok, his work was noticed by a teacher. Under his influence, Stanislav went to study art, although his parents were against it.

In the first year of the twentieth century, he graduated from the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. The formation of his talent and painting technique was greatly influenced by the teachers from whom he studied - Polenov and Levitan.

Four years later, Zhukovsky was already participating in exhibitions of the Wanderers Society, and two of his paintings were bought in the collection of the Tretyakov Gallery. This indicates how highly appreciated the skill of the artist and his skill as a painter.

The direction of his artistic activity is landscape. The formation of his style was influenced by impressionism - a direction in painting, which at that time was at the top of popularity.

In the artist's works, the free use of color and the exceptionally skillful use of light are noted. They seem very alive and real, full of air and space. In his work, he often used not only classical landscapes, but often painted both old manor estates and aristocratic estates. His images of interiors are of great value not only as works of art. They are a kind of chronicle of bygone years and can serve as a source of important information about the design style and design of the rich dwellings of the past.

After the Bolsheviks came to power, the artist’s life and his creative development were significantly complicated. He had work - he was an employee of the Commission for the Protection of Monuments. Among his achievements included the proposal to create a museum from the estate of Count Sheremetev Kuskovo, however, as an artist, he was completely unclaimed. The Soviet government did not need landscape painters, they needed "ideologically seasoned" propagandists, creators of posters, banners and slogans. Zhukovsky’s work was too chamber, refined, therefore, “bourgeois” and “decaying”.

Two years after the revolution, he moved to Vyatka, and three years later he returned to the capital. But here he does not find his place. Two years later he returned to his homeland, to Poland, which by that time had gained independence and had become a separate state.

At home, in Warsaw, he opened his own school of painting, and continued his creative development, taking part in art exhibitions in the capital and in Krakow. Later, he was repeatedly persuaded to return to the Soviet Union, but Stanislav wished to remain in his homeland, where he was in demand and was in his place. Perhaps this decision cost him his life.

After Hitler came to power, Poland was captured by the Nazis. In 1944, the artist was arrested during the fascist repression of the bloody Warsaw Uprising. In the same year he died in a concentration camp.

Zhukovsky’s legacy belongs to three countries at once - Russia, Belarus and Poland. His lyrical landscapes and images of estates found their place in various museums in these countries.


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