Museums and Art

Gustave Courbet, paintings and biography

Gustave Courbet, paintings and biography

On June 10, 1819, the artist Gustave Courbet was born in the French city of Orcans. The artist was an original, romantic person. He brought to the world his individual style, filled with creative imagination and imagination.

His father was the owner of the vineyard, was engaged in farming and trade. As a child, Gustave was a lively, sociable, inquisitive child. He loved nature, friends, his loved ones. The boy loved to come up with different stories, read and draw.

At twelve, his parents sent him to study at a theological seminary. They thought that their son would be ordained and become a priest. But young Gustave was not serious about his studies. Spiritual mentors refused to let him go of sins. Seminary training had to be abandoned. His father suggested he study as a lawyer. He believed that knowledge of law will help his son in life, and he will acquire a good, prestigious profession. In 1837, the young man went to study at preparatory courses in law at the Royal College of Besançon in France. In parallel with his studies, he became interested in painting. Creative art attracted him with all its beauty. He studied independently, in art workshops, where students portrayed nudity. The teachers were novelist artists and the representative of neoclassicism, S. A. Flagulo. Gustave with pleasure mastered the basics of such works and painted self-portraits. The artistic craft conquered him with all his harmony and perfection, and he firmly decided to devote his life to art. At the very beginning it was very difficult, but the young man passed all life's tests to become a real artist.

In 1839 he made a trip to Paris. He was attracted to other cities, countries, meeting interesting people, traveling. In Paris, he met with the work of Spanish and Dutch artists, visited their exhibitions and galleries, visited the Louvre. Later, by their example, he created bright, expressive canvases with dark tones of watercolor. This technique was interesting to him. Then the artist moved to live in Switzerland, where he continued his training in painting.

In 1841, the master of the brush created a magnificent art work "Self-portrait with a black dog." An English spaniel was presented to him by a friend. Gustave loved his four-legged favorite! This painting was posted in the Paris Salon. His self-portraits were admired by the public and enjoyed great success! The artist traveled the globe, admiring the sights of Belgium and the Netherlands. People acquired his work. The founder of the school of painting in the Netherlands bought seven paintings from him. His work was bought by the French government. Gustave Courbet received an award for his work - the Gold Medal of the Salon.

The naturalism of the artist caused a lot of criticism and controversy in the circles of people of art. Courbet founded a realistic school, the course of which spread to Belgium and other countries of the world. He arranged solo exhibitions. Gustave Courbet was married, had a son. He posed for many models. He sought inspiration from them.

In 1871, the brush master was appointed commissar for the culture of the Paris Commune. He defended works of art during the defense of Paris. Gustave Courbet was the head of the demolition of the Vendome column. The police arrested him and confiscated paintings. The artist was serving a sentence for six months in prison by a court verdict. Later, he needed to refund the money to restore the historical monument. He sold his paintings and left for Switzerland. Soon Gustave Courbet became seriously ill, he had dropsy. He died on a winter day December 31, 1877.


Watch the video: Courbet, The Viloncellist, 1847 (December 2021).