King of Aragon Alphonse V - Juan de Juanes.
Juan de Juanes (Vicente Juan Masip) is not for nothing called the Spanish Raphael. But he not only imitates the writing style of the famous painter, but also brings his personality, which brought him recognition in Spain and around the world.
Like the Italian, Juan, in addition to a large number of paintings of religious content, has many portraits. The most famous is the portrait of "King Aragon Alphonse V", painted in 1557.
The history of the county, and later the kingdom of Aragon, is rooted in the Middle Ages. The path of Aragon from the county to the kingdom and its entry into the Spanish state was difficult. Endless wars demanded strong, courageous and wise rulers. This was the king Alfonso V. Since 1416, he ruled Aragon and received the nickname the Magnanimous. Historians consider his reign a "golden age", the heyday of culture.
At his court there were always many scientists and creative people - poets, artists, sculptors, he glorified himself as their patron and famous philanthropist.
There is nothing superfluous in the picture of Juan de Juanes, everything is focused on the central figure - the king. A man looks at us from the canvas in the prime of life. Large features, smart eyes. Pose it in a half-turn, gives decisiveness and dynamism to the composition.
In the portrait, the artist depicted Alfonso V with all the attributes - state, royal and military. It has iron armor, a hand grips the sword, and a military helmet is on the left of the table. All this suggests that Alfonso is a brave commander and warrior. Nearby, the crown is a sign of belonging to monarchical power. There is almost no landscape background. Only behind him, behind the slightly open curtains, are the lands, forests and castles of Aragon visible. That same kingdom, for whose liberation and prosperity Alfonso V fought almost his whole life and died in 1458 during the military siege of the city of Genoa.