Museums and Art

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, biography and paintings

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, biography and paintings

Giovanni Batista Tiepolo - the most famous Italian artist, a representative of the Venetian school of painting. Always fond of painting, Giovanni at a young age entered the workshop of the painter Gregorio Lazzarini, where he received the basics of decorative painting.

At the age of 20, he received the first public recognition and first orders. He quickly formed as an accomplished artist. His first picturesque paintings “The Sinking Pharaoh” and “The Sacrifice of Isaac” are proof of this. The individuality, freedom and span of a letter by a young author impresses the viewer.

In 1717, having completed his studies with Lazzarini, he joined the local community of artists. By 1720, he happily and successfully marries the sister of the Italian painters Guardi. Giovanni and Maria gave birth to nine children, two of whom in the future will become artists and assistants to the famous father.

In the period from 1720 to 1725 he painted beautiful paintings on ancient, mythological themes, and also was fond of frescoes, having received an order from the church of the city of Venice. He is already a popular recognizable painter, matching and orders. So, two years from 1726 to 1728, he works on painting the chapel of a wealthy Italian aristocrat.

Tiepolo becomes famous not only in his native city, but also in other cities of Italy. In 1731, he performs the extraordinary beauty and liveliness of the fresco in the Milan Palazzo Arkinto.

From 1740 to 1750 he performed a large number of works. But the most basic and significant were: the ceiling painting in the palace-residence of the Carmelite order - Scoole Carmini and the frescoes at the Villa Pisani in Stra - in this "Venetian Versailles".

Tiepolo has a huge capacity for work, while they do not disappear, but become even more airy, light, real images on his frescoes. But this type of painting is not considered easy. The artist works on the technique of "raw" frescoes and before starting work, he already needs to present the canvas and what colors will be after the paints dry on the wet plaster. Giovanni Tiepolo is not at all difficult to build picturesque compositions, before that they are correctly located, dynamic, decisive and free.

The fame of the Italian artist has already reached Europe. The culmination of Tiepolo's work is an order from the archbishop for fresco painting at his Würzburg residence in Germany. This is a whole architectural complex, built in the Baroque style. Tiepolo decorates the court church, the Kaiser hall and the main staircase above which the artist paints the world's largest murals. They make up almost 650 square meters of area, which depict parts of the world with their corresponding characters. Mythological heroes and fairy-tale creatures are represented in juicy, bright, jubilant frescoes. For three years from 1750 to 1753 he worked in Würzberg, creating a unique masterpiece of painting on the ceiling. Upon completion of work in the residence and return to Italy, Tiepolo was elected president of the Academy of Arts.

The painter, being at a venerable age, in 1761 receives an order from the Spanish king Charles III for painting plafonds in the royal palace. With already adult sons, artists, Tiepolo goes to Madrid. And again, the creator's genius amazes the king and the Spaniards. His famous "Venus and Volcano" and "The Apotheosis of Spain" made a strong impression on his contemporaries and for centuries remained masterpieces of fresco painting.

In March 1770, the great painter died. Until the last days he worked, leaving dozens of sketches and sketches. Today, Giovanni Batista Tiepolo is a recognized master of the Rococo style, whose work occupies a well-deserved place in the largest museums in the world.


Watch the video: Adoration des mages, par Tiepolo (November 2021).