Museums and Art

Alexander Alexandrovich Deineka, biography and paintings

Alexander Alexandrovich Deineka, biography and paintings

Alexander Aleksandrovich Deineka was born in Kursk in a simple family of a railwayman in 1899. He enters to study at the local railway school and art school, then in 1915 he goes to study at the Kharkov art school.

It is unknown what fate would have been like in the future, but the events of 1917 happened in Russia and Alexander, with all the ardor and fervor of youth, embraces the revolution and becomes an active participant in building a new life in Kursk. He works as a criminal wanted photographer, conducts art courses, arranges propaganda trains, draws posters, illustrates Mayakovsky’s poems.

For two years, 1919 and 1920, he served in the Red Army and even participated in the defense of the city from the White Guards.

Since the early 1920s, Deineka has continued his studies in Moscow at the printing department of the Higher Art and Technical Workshops (VKHUTEMAS). Alexander at that time prefers graphic drawings, which, in his opinion, are more useful in campaigning.

The period from 1923, when he began working in such magazines as “Atheist at the Machine”, “Searchlight” and others, can be called the time of becoming Deineka as an artist with a style recognizable in magazine graphics.

In 1924, participating in the First Discussion Exhibition, he presents his first painting, “Football,” characterized by laconicism and original character angles.

1925-1928 - Deineka is a member of the easel society. In this period, a number of works devoted to the working man appeared: builders, miners, advanced workers of proletarian labor, Red Army soldiers (“On the construction of new workshops”, “Worker and peasant”, “Textile workers”, “Defense of Petrograd” and others).

The 1930s mark a new stage in the work of Deineka. His characters become less severe, but more cheerful, athletic, lyrical. He pays more attention to painting, moving away from agitation and posters.

His painting "Mother", written in 1932, is simple to execute, but very strong in the energy that comes from her - mother as tenderness and protection. In the same years, landscapes appeared with horses, with bathing girls, with athletes radiating health.

1934 - a trip to the Crimea, which inspired the artist to such an unusual work as “Skydiver over the Sea” and others devoted to aviation topics.

In 1935, he was sent on a creative business trip to Europe and America. The impressions received abroad were embodied in the works “Street in Rome”, “Parisian”, “Dancers in Harlem”, many sketches and sketches.

By the end of the 1930s, Alexander Alexandrovich created the famous painting “The Left March”, and also tried his hand at creating decorative mosaic panels and wall paintings.

The war of 1941 interrupts these large-scale plans - all the forces for victory. Deyneku is left in Moscow, he works at TASS Windows, makes political posters, draws the works Outskirts of Moscow, outstanding in their patriotic mood. November 1941 "and the bright, tragic, courageous -" Defense of Sevastopol ".

In the post-war years, Deineka continues to create mosaic panels adorning Moscow State University, the Palace of Congresses in the Kremlin, in the metro, creating such masterpieces as “The relay race on the ring“ B ”,“ In Sevastopol ”,“ The girl tying the ribbon on her head ”.

The merits of the artist appreciated by the state, since 1963, Deineka was awarded many honorary awards. He receives the title of People's Artist of the USSR, is a laureate of the Lenin Prize and a Hero of Socialist Labor, has two orders of Lenin and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.

Until 1968, Deineka was an active public activist, taught at Moscow institutes, and was an academician-secretary at the USSR Academy of Arts. Alexander Alexandrovich died on June 12, 1969.

Deineka’s creative path needs to be examined not superficially, but delving into every poster, every agitation, every landscape and portrait, otherwise it might seem that this is standard “socialist realism”. But the special “Deineckian” style impresses with its originality, recognizability, laconicism, expressiveness. His young, fervent, athletic boys and girls infect with optimism. Its mosaic is striking in depth if you go into the Mayakovskaya metro station and look at the ceiling.

Deineka is considered an internationally recognized artist and the author’s works are still in demand.


Watch the video: Aleksandr Deyneka Oil Paintings (November 2021).