New owners. Tea Party - Nikolai Petrovich Bogdanov-Belsky
Nikolai Petrovich Bogdanov-Belsky came out of a poor family, but was able to achieve extraordinary heights in creativity, to a famous painter who painted with the same inspiration - both portraits of emperors and the faces of peasant children.
He understood and loved the village, rural kids, Russian endless fields and green forests.
The artist preferred to spend the summer in the Udomel region of the Tver region, where his painting “New Masters. Tea Party. " The picture is not quite simple, as it seems at first glance. To some extent, it reflects a certain stage in the changing life of peasants and nobles. Changes began to occur in 1861, after the abolition of serfdom.
The fact is that after carrying out this reform, capitalism began to actively develop in Russia. The nobility is gradually losing its position in society and is weakening economically.
Many noble families went bankrupt and impoverished, selling or mortgaging land. When the First World War began, there were very few noblemen in the villages. They had to sell their estates for nothing and leave for the city. This is the moment in history that is reflected in the picture of Bogdanov-Belsky.
Before us is a family drinking tea. These are the new owners who have just bought the estate of the landowners Ushakovs from the village of Ostrovno. The fact that the event happened recently, says some mess in things in the right corner of the picture, as well as a portrait in a beautiful gilded frame.
The portrait, apparently of the former owner, did not even have time to remove from the wall. And, perhaps, the newly-made owners still do not fully believe their new position in this house. Confirmation of this can be several restrained poses of all actors.
We can only guess what these people think. Perhaps they still have fresh memories of the recent times when they served as servants, grooms and cooks in this estate, they could not even let anyone into the house. Perhaps the head of the family depicted in the picture was the manager or clerk of a former landowner. And now they own all this estate, but there is still some doubt and uncertainty in the eyes and behavior.
But their power, peasant thoroughness is visible in everything - in ordinary dishes and food, in simple but solid and new clothes. Bogdanov-Belsky, as always, with photographic accuracy depicts the smallest details - every cell, every fold on the shirts and skirts of the characters in the picture, a smoothed tuft on the head of the middle son and his large peasant hands.
Also brushes on a tablecloth, carving on a mahogany chair, transparent glass of glasses and the shine of a samovar on the table are carefully written out. The artist, in contrast, built the plot of the picture - the remains of a rich interior (clocks, paintings, expensive wood furniture, a garden outside the window) and a simple family of a wealthy peasant who is now hosting here.
Thanks to this contradiction, it is easier for us to understand what is happening and the plot of the picture itself. Draw a parallel and re-read with a new look the classics - “The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Pavlovich Chekhov.