A. He was also engaged in painting palaces and temples in the Baroque and Classicism styles.
Alexey Petrovich was born in St. Petersburg on March 25, 1716. His father was a guard of the Semenovsky regiment, participated in the Battle of Poltava. Having left the service, he worked as a mechanic at the Armory yard and in the Chancellery of buildings.
At the age of 16, Alexei, along with his three brothers, enters the Chancellery of buildings, replacing the Academy of Arts, to study painting. His teachers were Louis Caravac, I. Vishnyakov, A. Matveev, M. Zakharov. In 1739 he was enrolled in the State Chancellery of buildings. In 1742, Antropov participated in the design of celebrations in Moscow on the occasion of the coronation of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna, and also painted several of her portraits.
In St. Petersburg, under the guidance of Ivan Vishnyakov, the artist paints the Winter, Summer, Peterhof, Tsarskoye Selo, Anichkov palaces. In 1749 he received the title of apprentice. A year later, he painted the scenery at the Opera House under the direction of the Italians Valeriani and Perezinotti.
In 1752, Antropov went to Kiev to participate in the design of St. Andrew's Cathedral. His authorship belongs to the altar image "The Last Supper" and the icon "Assumption of the Virgin." A trip to Ukraine enriched the artistic style of the master. Folk objects and traditions of Ukrainian painting have brought immediacy and love of bright colors to the artist’s work.
In 1755, Alexei Petrovich returned to Moscow, where he participated in the painting of the Golovinsky Palace. In 1757 he was issued a certificate of painter. A year later, the artist returned to St. Petersburg and again came to the disposal of the Office of the buildings. He takes lessons from the Venetian Pietro Rotari, known for his mastery of portraiture.
In 1759, under the patronage of I.I. Shuvalov, Antropov received a place as a painter at the recently founded Moscow University. Two years later, he was appointed to the Synod as an overseer of painters and icon painters. He founded his own private school of painting. Antropov's students were D. Levitsky and P. Drozhdin.
Antropov participated in the design of celebrations on the occasion of the coronation of Catherine II in 1762-1763. In 1789 he transferred his house to the authorities for the organization of an art school. The artist died of fever at the age of 79 in 1795
First of all, Antropov is known as a portrait painter. He painted ceremonial portraits of Russian emperors and empresses, clergy, and aristocracy. His main works: a portrait of A. M. Izmailova, M. A. Rumyantseva, ataman F. Krasnoshchekov, Peter III, the Buturlin family.
Having served in the Synod, Antropov created a number of portraits of clergy: archbishops P. Levshin, S. Kulebyaki, G. Petrov, confessor Elizabeth I F. Ya. Dubyansky. Also, the master painted many icons.
In the images of Antropov, the influence of parsuns is still visible. These are static poses, conventional images, a dark background, a careful drawing of accessories that emphasize the status of the model. From the picture it is easy to determine the social position of the depicted, but it is difficult to judge his inner life, since all people have the same neutral facial expression. But as he grows up as an artist, learning from foreign masters, the works of Alexei Petrovich appear features of the European style of painting. He is trying to portray the character of a person, his personality. This is especially evident in the image of Emperor Peter III, which is quite realistic for a ceremonial portrait.
In his works, Antropov tries to find harmony between the traditional canons of the portrait of the 17th century and the desire to show the spiritual qualities of his models. This is the secret of the modest charm of Antropov’s paintings and his peculiarity. Antropov's works are an important stage in the development of Russian portraiture.