Crucifixion of Christ - Bartolome Esteban Murillo. 98 x 60.2 cm
Bartolome Esteban Murillo is a well-known Spanish artist of the "Golden Age" hailing from Seville. The painter loved to reflect realistic scenes from the life of ordinary people. He especially liked to draw peasant children. Children from poor families were portrayed at a game, eating, but more often at work. The artist carried this love for people through all the work.
Later, the author's work is devoted to Christian motives. His biblical characters are not like the faces of the icons. These are living people, feeling, experiencing.
Themes were repeated. Some works can be considered part of a single plot. For example: "Crucifixion", "Crucifixion of Christ", "Christ on the cross."
The painting “Crucifixion of Christ” depicts a towering cross. On it, Christ bleeds. On his head is a thorny wreath. At the feet we see sobbing girls. Murillo very accurately conveys emotions. It is evident with what reverence, tenderness, gratitude and reverence the girls relate to the hero of the picture. The pain of Jesus and the sadness of people is transmitted to the viewer. But their faces are calm, despite the tragedy. They accept the will of God, understand the need for this sacrifice.
On one of Bartolome Esteban Murillo’s later paintings, a luminous figure of Christ appears against the backdrop of an ominous sky. Under it, on the left, the outlines of the city of Jerusalem in a dark fog are visible. According to Christian doctrine, the sacrifice of Christ on the cross has made it possible for man to be redeemed from the original sin of Adam. The skull at the base of the cross points to Calvary, which means “frontal place” where the crucifixion occurred. The inscription at the top of the cross reads in Hebrew, Greek and Latin "Jesus of Nazareth, king of the Jews." It was a kind of guilty plea. The skull also has a biblical meaning. The blood of Christ, draining, washes the skull of Adam, cleansing from sin. The very word "Christ" means "Savior."