Museums and Art

The Annunciation, Juan Pantoja de la Cruz - description of the painting

The Annunciation, Juan Pantoja de la Cruz - description of the painting

The Annunciation - Juan Pantocha de la Cruz. 227 x 142 cm.

The painting on the classic biblical theme has a strict composition and a rich coloristic solution. According to legend, at that moment she was reading the book of the prophet Isaiah. Here the artist did not depart from tradition - the Virgin Mary is sitting on a small platform, facing the audience, at the music stand covered with red cloth. A large book is revealed on it. Maria has a pinkish tunic and a cloak with large draped folds, saturated blue-green. She is shocked by the appearance of an angel, but she obeys the will of the Lord, as evidenced by her characteristic gesture - one arm raised up and the second pressed to her chest means an oath before God. Her bashfully and humbly downcast eyes and her whole appearance express humility.

The angel is depicted almost in profile, as was often done on canvases in the Middle Ages and subsequent centuries. He is wearing rich clothes, richly embroidered with gold. The artist very carefully conveyed all the smallest details, from the small folds of his shirt at the cuffs to a luxurious fabric pattern, lush draperies of green silk. On the head of the angel is a golden figured crown, and its wings are very naturally covered with feathers. He knelt before the Mother of God and held out his hands to her in a soothing gesture. The angel is barefoot and very young - he has an expressive face and large dark eyes.

The image of Gabriel and Mary is the lower part of the composition of the picture, earthly, and the upper part is heaven represented by plump angels soaring in the clouds. This upper part consists of three components. In the central element in the distance is God the Father blessing the scene below. Under it, in the rays of divine radiance, the Holy Spirit descends from heaven to earth in the form of a snow-white dove. From all sides, this scene is surrounded by angels in different positions, expressing joy and pleasure.


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