The famous artist Amedeo Modigliani was born in 1884 in Livorno, in a country that was then called the Kingdom of Italy. He was destined to become one of the most famous artists of the end of the year before last and the beginning of the last century, a bright representative of the art of expressionism.
During his very short life, and he lived only 35 years, the artist managed to reach heights that were inaccessible to many other people who lived to advanced years. It burned very brightly, in spite of the disease of the lungs that followed him. At 11, the boy was ill with pleurisy, and then typhoid. This is a very serious disease, after which many did not survive. But Amedeo survived, although it cost him health. Physical weakness did not prevent his genius from developing, although he brought a handsome young man to the grave.
Modigliani lived his childhood and youth in Italy. In this country, the surroundings and numerous monuments helped the study of ancient art. The sphere of interests of the future artist also included Renaissance art, which helped him in further development and in many respects influenced his perception of reality.
The time when Modigliani was formed as a person and as an artist gave the world many talented masters. During this period, the attitude to the art of the past was revised, and new artistic movements and trends were formed. Having moved to Paris in 1906, the future master was in the midst of turbulent events.
Like Renaissance masters, Modigliani was primarily interested in people, not objects. Only a few landscapes were preserved in his creative heritage, while other genres of painting did not interest him at all. In addition, until 1914, he almost completely devoted himself exclusively to sculpture. In Paris, Modigliani met and made friends with numerous representatives of bohemia, including Maurice Utrillo, Pablo Picasso and Ludwig Meidner.
In his works, references to art of the Renaissance period, as well as the undoubted influence of African traditions in art, are periodically reviewed. Modigliani has always stood apart from all recognizable fashion trends, his work is a real phenomenon in the history of art. Unfortunately, very little documentary evidence and stories that can be 100% trusted are preserved about the artist’s life. During his lifetime, the masters did not understand him and did not appreciate him at all, the paintings were not for sale. But after his death in 1920 from meningitis provoked by tuberculosis, the world realized that he had lost a genius. If he could see it, he would appreciate the irony of fate. Paintings that during his lifetime did not bring him even a piece of bread, at the beginning of the XXI century went under the hammer for fabulous amounts in the tens of millions of dollars. Indeed, in order to become great, one must die in poverty and obscurity.
The sculptures of Modigliani have much in common with the African, but in no way are simple copies. This is a rethinking of the special ethnic style superimposed on modern realities. The faces of his statues are simple and extremely stylized, while they surprisingly preserve their individuality.
Modigliani’s picturesque works are usually attributed to expressionism, but nothing can be interpreted unambiguously in his work. He was one of the first to bring emotions to paintings with naked female bodies - the nude. They have eroticism and sexual attractiveness, but not abstract, but completely real, ordinary. On the canvases of Modigliani, not ideal beauties are captured, but lively women with bodies devoid of perfection, so attractive. It was these paintings that began to be perceived as the pinnacle of the artist's work, his unique achievement.