Storm (Thunderstorm) - Giorgione. 82 x 73 cm
It is difficult to imagine the mysterious picture of Giorgione than the Storm (Thunderstorm). And the matter does not even concern the performance subtleties - scientists so far have not yet come to a consensus on the storyline of the work.
What do we see in the picture of a great artist belonging to the High Renaissance? Before us is a traditional idyllic landscape - a river over which a high bridge rises, a lot of greenery and trees, the ruins of the building. The weather is turbulent. The disheveled crowns of the trees indicate us a raging wind, and a bright, short lightning pierced the sky in the background.
The characters in the picture raise many questions, since it is very difficult to trace the relationship between them. An almost naked woman is placed on the right side of the canvas. She is breastfeeding a baby in a rather elaborate pose. On the left side we notice a man. Whether it was a soldier or a shepherd, opinions were expressed that this was a bachelor or even a gypsy. He pays no attention to the woman.
Despite the intriguing heroes, the landscape dominates the characters - nature here comes first. Giorgione managed to catch the subtlest atmosphere of nature before a thunderstorm, when the colors sharpen, and daylight has a special character.
Over its long history, the canvas has changed its name several times. In 1530, when Giorgione had been dead for 20 years, the Venetian writer and patrician Mark Mikiel mentioned the painting as a Landscape on canvas with a thunderstorm, a gypsy and a soldier. For a long time the work was known as the Giorgione Family.
There are no specific plot clues, which is why there are so many interpretations. Someone sees in the picture an image of one of the scenes of Thebes, Stacia, others claim that this is a Greek myth about Paris, which was given to a shepherd, or myths about Aphrodite and Adonis, or the Birth of Apollo. Others attribute almost mystical symbolism to the work: as if the picture depicts encrypted occult images. Another group of critics sees metaphysical symbolism in the work (for example, a naked girl - a symbol of purity, breastfeeding - a symbol of fertility). In total, there are about 20 interpretations today.
In 1939, everything became even more confusing. Scientists decided to take an X-ray, and on the resulting negative, you can clearly see that instead of a male figure, once another naked woman was depicted on the canvas. It was then that the simplest look at the work of Giorgione appeared - the picture does not have a program plot, but it depicts just a landscape, supplemented by people. Since then, the painting has been called The Tempest, and Russian-language literature refers to Giorgione's work as The Storm.