Museums and Art

Caspar David Friedrich - biography and paintings

Caspar David Friedrich - biography and paintings

Caspar David Friedrich - German artist, a vivid representative of romanticism. Among his followers is one of the stars of Norwegian painting - Johan Christian Dahl.

The future artist was born in a simple family, his father was a soap maker. Even at a very young age, he lost his parents and lost most of his closest relatives. His art abilities showed up early, in 1790 he began to study painting, and in 1784 he spent four years at the Danish Royal Academy of Fine Arts, which was located in Copenhagen.

After graduation, the young master returned to his native Germany and settled in Dresden. Here he became acquainted with the romantic direction. The artistic style of Frederick was seriously influenced by numerous masters of romanticism, and the acquaintance with Goethe, the philosopher Karus and other great people of the era also had an impact.

During this period, the artist gets acquainted with Dahl and maintains close relations with him. He loves traveling, so he often travels to Europe, receiving vivid impressions of the nature of different countries. In this period, until 1809, Frederick worked exclusively in drawing, using sepia or a pin.

He began to master oil painting only after completion of the improvement of the drawing. The very next year, his work was recognized by society and became popular with art lovers.

The romanticism of Frederick has a pronounced raid of mysticism and some melancholy. In his works, motifs of cemeteries, crosses, roadside crucifixes, distant cities and sailboats standing far into the sea are often found. This theme of loneliness and estrangement from the turbulent joys of life as a whole is characteristic of romantic painting of that era, but the work of this artist acquired a specific color, which made them easily recognizable.

Some of the master’s works seem very modern and are sometimes difficult to associate with painting created at the beginning of the 19th century. For example, the painting “The Arctic Ocean”, which used to be called “The Collapse of Hope,” looks absolutely modern and even avant-garde in the artist’s free circulation with color and the transmission of forms and dynamics of ice blocks.

It is customary to consider the painting "Stages of Life" to be a kind of software product of the artist. It depicts three adults and two children - representatives of different ages, possibly representatives of several generations of the same family. Interestingly, they walk on the seashore, which contains exactly the same number of ships of different sizes. A clear associative line is drawn with the dimensions of the sailboats and the age of the characters.

A feature of the canvas is the workshop transfer of bright colors of sunset over the sea. They are very juicy and rich, which makes the picture modern and expressively sounding even today.

The artist created many paintings reflecting real or fictional objects, for example, temples floating in the air or angelic figures. Some of the master’s paintings come together in aesthetics and style of execution from a work in the typically German Biedermeier style.

Since 1824, the master becomes a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Dresden. After him there were quite numerous aphorisms and thoughts about the role of art.

After 11 years, the artist could not continue to do what he loved. He fell ill and was paralyzed. All he could do during this period was to paint with sepia, creating small-sized works.

The life of a talented artist ended in poverty in his beloved Dresden. He was only 65 years old. For many years, his art was in oblivion, once again becoming popular only at the beginning of the last century with the heyday of surrealism. Some canvases of the master may well be considered the first experiments in this direction.


Watch the video: The Contemporary Appeal of Friedrichs 19th Century Landscapes (November 2021).