Museums and Art

William Hogarth, paintings and biography

William Hogarth, paintings and biography

This outstanding English artist became famous as a satire master, creator of special types of art, who tried to cultivate morality in society with the help of art. He made a huge contribution to the painting and graphics of England of the XVIII century, and the whole world too.

The future artist was born in 1697 in London, in a poor family, where the father-teacher worked part-time with translations from Latin, and his mother made various drugs according to popular recipes. He was the first child in the family who managed to survive - child mortality in those days was very large.

The creative inclinations of the boy manifested themselves in early childhood, he was distinguished by a rare ability for the child to note and remember even the smallest details. But at school he studied literally from under a stick, did not want to do anything but his favorite painting.

When his family became impoverished, and his father went to a debt prison, William became a student of the engraver, silver craftsman. Here he received a profession, learned to work with metal and make prints, and also learned about all the features of the fashionable Rococo style.

After the death of his father, the future artist had to become the breadwinner for his entire family - except for him, his mother had two more daughters. He did not like his work, but was forced to do it for food.

To realize his dreams, William began to study independently and take lessons at private art academies. In 1720, he managed to open his workshop and began to print his own engravings, mostly of a satirical content, "for the wickedness of the day."

Four years later, Hogarth began to study at a school founded by court painter D. Thornhill. Until 1730, William learns to illustrate books, and in 1726 works with the famous poem "Goodybras" by Samuel Butler. Two years later, he painted his first pictorial painting - it was created based on the play “The Pauper Opera” by D. Gay.

The artist married the daughter of his former teacher Thornhill - secretly, without his consent. The father accepted the choice of his daughter only after Hogarth became famous and managed to significantly improve his well-being.

In the following years, the master produced a series of paintings and prints, which diverged in wide print runs and were in great demand and popularity among all segments of the population. Among the most famous are six paintings and engravings from them “Career of a prostitute”, “Career mota”, “Fashionable marriage”, “Diligence and laziness”, “Four stages of cruelty”, “Elections to parliament”.

The artist’s self-portrait, created in 1745, is distinguished by the originality of the idea - the picture shows Hogarth’s self-portrait against the background of a palette book, and a dog sits next to it.

In 1753, he published a book on the art of Beauty Analysis. Four years later, the king made Hogarth the main court painters, replacing his father-in-law at this post.

Over his life, the artist has created many prints and paintings, satirically and sometimes very poisonously exposing the vices of the then society. He always stood on the positions of the Enlightenment and thus tried to convey to the people the truth about their own behavior.

The master died in 1764 in his native London.


Watch the video: William Hogarth - Famous Painters Bios - Wiki Videos by Kinedio (November 2021).