Museums and Art

Andy Warhol - biography and paintings

Andy Warhol - biography and paintings

This man with an unremarkable appearance and a shock of white hair became a real phenomenon in the art of the 20th century. Warhol simply made art a part of our everyday life, putting it on a completely commercial footing, but preserving the individuality and uniqueness of his own style. Andy Warhol can be treated differently, love and hate him, but he certainly does not leave anyone indifferent.

The future rebel and innovator was born in 1928 in the USA, in Pittsburgh. His family was an emigrant from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, now this area has become part of Slovakia. Warhol's parents belonged to a small East Slavic nation - Rusyns. Andy himself was the fourth child in the family and at birth he was called Andrei Varhola. Many years later, one of the journalists who wrote about him accidentally dropped the last letter in his last name. The artist liked the American sound so much that he left a sonorous version. So a legend was born by the name of Andy Warhol.

The history of the formation of interest in art and the appearance in the boy’s head of strange and unusual ideas is directly related to the pain and suffering experienced by him. Studying in the third grade of the school, the boy fell ill with a severe form of scarlet fever, which was complicated by a strange and painful disease - St. Witt's dance or Sydenham's chorea. The disease is accompanied by involuntary twitching of the limbs and the whole body. At school, the boy was teased, and he painfully painfully experienced his awkwardness in movements, became very suspicious. A difficult treatment affected his future life - a subconscious fear of doctors and any treatment settled in Warhol forever. But this period has become extremely important for its formation as a future artist. Forced stillness made him interested in art in its simplest form - cutting out pictures from magazines and newspapers, he composed collages. This seriously affected his creative manner, making her recognizable and unique.

In 1949, Andy graduated from Carnegie Institute of Technology with a bachelor of fine arts degree in graphic design. This trend is best suited to Warhol's style. He studied well, but the strange and eccentric young man had no friends.

After graduation, he leaves to live in New York, where he immediately receives orders for advertising, creating postcards and window dressing. The next step in his career was an invitation to work as an illustrator in the fashion magazines Vogue and Harpers Bazaar. A year later, he will see his first success after advertising shoes. Warhol then becomes an illustrator of the Spanish language tutor Margarita Madrigal. He and her other books were very popular, Andy became famous.

His first solo exhibition was held in 1962. He stopped counting pennies, as his work began to be paid high. Success brought him a solid house in Manhattan and made it possible to experiment with art.

Having mastered screen printing and silk-screen printing, Warhol created incredibly popular portraits of celebrities today, including stars of the first magnitude - Marilyn Monroe. He is experimenting with the possibilities of graphics, creating images using everyday, everyday objects - Coca-Cola bottles and cans of Campbell's canned soup. These works were evaluated differently by critics and the public. Some considered them a denunciation of the lack of spirituality of a modern consumer society, while others recognized it as a banality and a sign of bad taste. Be that as it may, the works survived their creator and made him an icon of pop art and conceptual art.

Having become rich, Andy gets the opportunity to express himself in different directions of art. His personal studio called “Factory” becomes a club for a variety of progressive celebrities of that turbulent time, as well as the center of everything conceptual in American art. Everyone who wants to mean something in this competitive world is dreaming of getting to the Factory.

In the same period, the artist experimented with cinema, but his films do not interest the public, they are too unusual and incomprehensible to people.

In 1968, Valerie Solanas makes an attempt on Warhol by shooting three times in his stomach. The result was a clinical death and many hours of complicated surgery, a year in a corset and paintings related to the theme of violence and death. In 1963, he created The Catastrophe with Tuna, a vivid reflection of his mood at that time. He never made Solanas charges.

The life and work of the artist has always been filled with experiments. So, in 1979, he tried to paint a car for racing, using almost anything horrible, including his own fingers. He was immensely interested in the process of creating an unusual work.

The artist died after removing the gall bladder from cardiac arrest, in a dream, in 1987. Andy Warhol was buried in his native Pittsburgh, and in his homeland in Slovakia, he was erected a monument as a star of modern art.


Watch the video: Pop Art and Andy Warhol (December 2021).