Resurrection - El Greco. 1577-1579.
Over his life, El Greco repeatedly addressed the theme of the Resurrection of Christ. Researchers suggest that the artist began writing the Resurrection immediately after the central part of the altar.
The writing was preceded by a contract by which the church set the conditions - St. Ildefons, the patron saint of Toledo, must be present in the picture. The viewer immediately notices him in the lower left corner of the altar image.
It is believed that in the form of Saint Ildefons El Greco portrayed a famous person in Toledo - this is Don Diego de Castilla, who was the dean of the Cathedral.
The plot of the picture tells the viewer about the moment when Christ suddenly appeared in front of the soldiers who guarded his tomb. The white shroud flies away, the figure of Jesus is covered by a scarlet shroud. The Risen's right hand is directed towards heaven, his gaze is lowered, and his face expresses calm and humility.
And chaos reigns below - the soldiers rush about in fright and run away, the stone blocks sparkle with sharp edges. Only Saint Idelfons is serene and calm. It is as if he was not from this plot, but a spectator who awaited the holy biblical event - the resurrection of the Son of God. The figure of the saint balances a complex dynamic composition.
The most amazing thing is that Christ in the picture is not yet a heavenly incorporeal hero - he belongs to the earthly world. Christ is material and depicted in real space. Its special role is indicated only by a light weightless figure, paler and at the same time luminous inside colors.
Subsequently, El Greco departed from such an unusual, “earthly” interpretation of Christ, bringing him closer to the traditions of iconography.