The short life of this remarkable French artist did not allow him to fully develop his talent and did not leave us with as many works as one would expect with a longer life. Nevertheless, over his 28 years of living, Jean Frederic Bazil managed to achieve extremely much and became one of the creators of perhaps the most controversial genre of painting - impressionism.
The future master was born in 1841 in the French city of Montpellier. His parents were the wealthy bourgeois of the Protestant faith, who gave the boy a good education. His father was a winemaker, because the Ero region has always been famous for its warm climate, excellent for growing grapes and planting fruit trees. Perhaps the picturesque natural environment influenced the artistic perception of the future master and became the basis of his peculiar vision of the world, found reflection on his canvases.
The formation of the talent and creative style of the future master was greatly influenced by the paintings of the classics of French painting - Gustave Courbet and Eugene Delacroix. Frederic was able to get acquainted with their works and the works of other great masters thanks to the presence of the Fabre Museum in Montpellier, which he often visited during his studies at the Lyceum of the city. This museum contains many paintings and graphic works collected by the artist Francois-Xavier Fabre.
Despite his passion for painting, Basil began to study medicine in 1859. Three years later, he went to continue his studies in the capital. There he studied art for two years with the Swiss artist Charles Gleyre. It was during his training in painting that he became friends with Claude Monet, met Auguste Renoir, and was deeply immersed in the process of forming and developing his own artistic vision.
During his life in Paris, Basil is at the center of modern artistic and artistic bohemia. He meets in such famous masters as Paul Cezanne, Arman Guillaume and Alfred Sisley. Each of them, as well as Renoir and Monet, who were close friends of Frederic, one way or another had a serious impact on his formation as a master. However, he managed to develop and maintain his own style of writing, as evidenced by his paintings.
Such a creative and advanced environment helped the master to master his own style of writing, which gives the foundation for art historians to recognize Basil as the founder of impressionism. As other representatives of this painting genre subsequently, he worked a lot in the open air, that is, in the open air, which immediately distinguishes the work of the Impressionists from the classic "sleek" studio canvases of the old school. It was especially interesting for Frederick to capture a person surrounded by nature, to convey his condition and impressions, sensations and emotions. This is exactly what the new painting radically differed from the old academic manner of writing with its formalism, static or far-fetched poses and battered plots.
The master wrote for exhibitions in the Paris Salons, as well as for decorating the estates of his family in the vicinity of his native city of Montpellier. These canvases have been preserved and are now in the largest museums in France. Among them, the most famous are “Pink Dress”, “View of the Village”, “The Artist's Family on the Terrace near Montpellier”.
When the Franco-Prussian war broke out, the artist considered it impossible for himself to abandon the defense of the fatherland and fulfilled his civic duty, going to fight as a volunteer. Unfortunately, a young, talented artist was killed in a battle in Burgundy in 1870. He lived only 28 years. Who knows what heights he could reach if he survived?