Museums and Art

Fedor Stepanovich Rokotov - biography and paintings

Fedor Stepanovich Rokotov - biography and paintings

Do you remember how from the darkness of the past
Hardly wrapped in satin
From the portrait of Rokotov again
Did Struiskaya look at us?

These lines were painted by Nikolai Zabolotsky on a portrait of the Struysky brush by Fyodor Stepanovich Rokotov. At the time of the creation of the masterpiece, he was an already formed talented master with his own unique and recognizable handwriting. But the early years of his life are hidden by the fog of the past years, since accurate documentary data are almost not preserved.

The future artist was born in Vorontsovo - the estate of the Princes Repnins. There is no information indicating its origin. However, there are suggestions that he studied in the Overland Shlyakhety Corps in parallel with his studies at the Academy of Arts. He retired, receiving the rank of captain, who gave the right to receive the nobility.

Literally from the first experiments in painting, the master decided on the direction of his work - a portrait. Initially, his work was quite simple and nothing special stood out, but his future as a great portrait painter was yet to come.

After graduating from the Academy, he began to teach there, and in 1763 he created such a successful coronation portrait of Empress Catherine II that, by her decree, all subsequent images should be based on his work. However, even after receiving the title of academician, the artist did not have the opportunity to continue the activities of the portrait painter, since this was forbidden by the leadership of the Academy. Largely because of this, he was forced to move to Moscow.

The Moscow period of the artist’s work brought him a huge number of orders and incredible popularity. For about 30, the master created many family portraits in which the main features of the artist’s work were manifested - increased attention to the facial features and character of the character, and not to the surroundings.

There is an assumption that Rokotov was part of the Masonic fraternity and was keenly interested in political events. He did not have his own family, but he managed to redeem his nephews from serfdom and made them his heirs.

Over the years of his work, the master created many portraits, the most valuable from an artistic point of view of which were those that were distinguished by a special “rocotian” haze. After the 80s, this feature in his works gradually disappears, and the artist begins to pay more attention to the small details and subtleties of outfits and furnishings.

After Masonic societies were liquidated in Moscow and with the fall of the artist’s vision, his paintings changed. Those colorful and subtle overflows that were so characteristic of his work are leaving them.

There are suggestions that in recent years, the master worked with a group of students, which explains the large number of unsigned paintings in the style of the artist. Since he was unusually fashionable in high society, they imitated him and tried to copy his original style of writing. However, the master left many portraits, unconditionally confirming his authorship and creating him immortal glory. One of them, and perhaps the most famous, is the portrait of Struyskaya, striking us with the liveliness of the image of this young woman and the special atmosphere surrounding her appearance.


Watch the video: Still life oil painting (December 2021).