Olympia - Eduard Manet. 130.5x190 cm
Created in 1863, the painting "Olympia" immediately attracted attention. Today, it is difficult for us sophisticated viewers to believe this, but a naked girl lying on white sheets caused a storm of indignation.
The 1865 salon went down in history as one of the most scandalous in the history of world art. People openly resented, scolded the artist, tried to spit on the canvas, and some even tried to pierce him with umbrellas or a cane. In the end, the leadership of the exhibition had to outweigh it to the very ceiling, and put protection downstairs.
What so offended the viewer's eyes, because this is far from the first work in the nude style in the visual arts? The thing is that before Mane, the painters depicted the heroines of myths, beautiful goddesses, and the painter ventured to “undress” a modern, very specific woman in his work. The public could not bear such shamelessness!
The model for the work was the favorite model Eduard Manet Quiz Meran, and the masters inspired the writing of the canvas by just the classics - Titian, Velazquez, Giordano, Goya.
An attentive viewer will notice that the author of Olimpia completely copied the compositional scheme of his illustrious predecessors. But even though the canvas bears a clear imprint of Titian's “Venus of Urbinsk”, Mana managed to breathe a completely different character into her work through her own style, as well as appeal to the real heroine. The author, as it were, tried to tell the viewer: contemporaries are no less attractive than the venerable Venus of the past.
Young Olympia lies on a white bed, while her fresh light golden skin contrasts with the sheets written with a cold blue tint. Her pose is relaxed and free, but a strong-willed, unruly look directed directly at the viewer gives her image dynamism and hidden greatness. Her figure (in contrast to the classical examples) is devoid of emphasized roundness; on the contrary, it reads a certain “angularity” - the author’s intentional reception. By this, he wanted to emphasize the modernity of his model, as well as point out the strong-willed character and independence.
Having enjoyed the image of a naked beauty, the viewer looks away to the left - there is a dark-skinned maid with a bouquet of flowers, which she brought to present to the pretty woman. The dark color of the woman’s skin contrasts sharply with bright colors and white clothes.
In order to focus the viewer on the main character as much as possible, Eduard Manet as if deliberately did not elaborate on the background, as a result, Olympia carefully and carefully written out comes forward, as if stepping over the enclosed space of the picture.
Not only an innovative plot and brilliantly verified composition make the picture an exceptional masterpiece - the color of the canvas deserves separate admiration. The finest nuance of ocher, golden, beige shades surprisingly harmonizes with blue and white colors, as well as the smallest gradations of golden, with which a shawl is written on the heroine's bed.
The painting is somewhat reminiscent of a sketch or sketch. This impression was caused by the smallest elaboration of details and lines in the image of the main character, as well as by the somewhat flat technique of the painter - Manet deliberately abandoned the traditional writing alla prima. The artist was sure that such a flat interpretation makes the work more emotional and vibrant.
It is known that after the painting was exhibited at the Salon, the public embarked on the fierce persecution of Manet, and he was even forced to flee to the provinces, and after all to leave for Spain.
Today, the delightful “Olympia” is ranked among the best paintings created ever, and its author has forever entered the history of world art as a great and exceptional creator.