Museums and Art

Mark Zagarovich Chagall: paintings and biography

Mark Zagarovich Chagall: paintings and biography

Chagall is one of the few artists who have formed an entire era in art. Until now, Chagall is a unique phenomenon, at least nobody has yet managed to approach the level of which.

The future recognized leader of avant-garde was born on the outskirts of Vitebsk, which was one of the small towns of the Russian province, in 1887. It was a time of mass persecution of foreigners and the worst Jewish pogroms, which caused the mass emigration of the Jewish population to other countries, with a more loyal attitude towards members of the Jewish faith. But for little Movsha, all this was ahead. He received a traditional education for Jewish children, having studied the Torah, Talmud and mastered the Hebrew language. After graduating from the four classes of the school, Chagall studied art of painting in Vitebsk at Yudel Pan's school.

Realizing that his talent cannot be developed on the periphery, the artist decides to move to St. Petersburg - the center of artistic thought of that time. The father reluctantly lets him go, allocating a very meager amount and refusing to continue to financially help his son. In the city of Chagall, he studies at the Roerich school, and then at Bakst. At this time, Mark met Bella Rosenfeld, who until the end of his life remains a muse and beloved woman, whose face is recognized in literally every image created by the master.

In 1911, the artist’s life began, during which he was constantly thrown from one city and country to another. Having changed his Jewish name Movsha Khatskelevich to a more European-sounding Mark Zakharovich, he leaves for a scholarship to study in Paris, returning home to Vitebsk in 1914 and having just arrived at the beginning of the First World War. The next year he marries Bella, and a year later they have a daughter, Ida. Subsequently, she becomes a biographer and researcher of her father's work.

At the end of the revolution, Chagall becomes commissar for arts in the Vitebsk province and opens his own art school.

In 1920, he moved to Moscow, began to work on the design of theatrical performances, and in 1922 he went to Lithuania for his own exhibition with his family. Then begins the journey of Chagall to the West. He moved to Germany, and then to France, where in 1937 he received citizenship. However, in 1941 the family had to flee the impending fascism in the United States, where Bella died in 1944. She was not the last woman in the artist’s life, but until his death she remained his love and eternal muse.

Since the 60s, Marc Chagall became interested in large forms and monumental art. His interests included paintings, including ceilings, trellises and stained-glass windows. Over the years, the master has created many significant things, including painting the ceiling of the Opera Garnier in France and the panel for the Metropolitan Opera, mosaics for the National Bank in the United States.

Mark Zagarovich Chagall lived a great life and left a significant mark in the art of the avant-garde. He died in his 98th year of life, remembering his origin until the end of his life and weaving motifs from the life of his native Vitebsk into his works.


Watch the video: Marc Chagall 1887-1985: Une vie, une oeuvre (November 2021).