Museums and Art

Honore Daumier: the son of a glazier, whom the kings feared, biography and paintings

Honore Daumier: the son of a glazier, whom the kings feared, biography and paintings

In the 19th century, the son of a glazier could not count on an elegant career. Paris is a great city that loves the lucky and persistent and repels the untalented and arrogant.

Daumier was eight years old when his family moved from the south of France to the capital. The provincial boy had a huge number of temptations and interesting things in life. Lost all day in the courtyard, Honore learned to steal buns in a bakery, tease prostitutes on the corner of the block, watch the life of Parisian gateways for hours ... Very soon, Father Domier realized that his son needed to be taught the craft urgently, otherwise nothing good would come of him.

Surprisingly, Honore was a bad student. He was absolutely not interested in his father's craft and he did not want to become a glazier categorically. A random acquaintance of Dad Daumier (he was inserting new windows at one law office) allowed Honore to attach a messenger to the lawyer. The nimble teenager did an excellent job, he even had time to visit the bookstore, where he eagerly examined albums with reproductions of great Italian artists.

Gradually, there was less and less time to complete their courier duties. The lawyer did not tolerate the tricks of young Daumier - he drove him out. But the future cartoonist did not worry for long. The next day, he got a job as a clerk in a bookstore. His favorite artists have become closer ...

Since childhood, Daumier loved to draw cartoons for everyone. Sometimes he got from older boys, but even then he realized that his models were angry because the image was too realistic ...

Sociable, lively and a little cheeky character Honore allowed him to quickly find friends among the most famous masters of Paris. He met Corot, Delacroix, Granville. When Balzac saw the drawings of the young Daumier, there was no end to the enthusiasm: Michelangelo lives in this guy!

Daumier did not become a painter. His element is drawing, engraving, lithography. A favorite genre is caricature. In 1832, Daumier received 6 months in prison for a caricature of a king that was bright, accurate, and caustic. It turns out happy and famous from there ... Now he is invited to collaborate with all satirical magazines.

For about half a century, Daumier painted caricatures. The Parisians were waiting for his work, laughed, rejoiced, admired, but ... Nobody knew him. Well, who will read the artist’s signatures under the caricature. The artists knew the house, and respected him very much. A great artist, he turned every work into a true work of art. With a keen eye, a unique manner, an ability to understand people, a clear civic tradition and the fearlessness of a Gascon, Honore Daumier created cartoons that raised Parisians to revolutions in 1830, 1848, 1871.

The caricatures of the great master did not require any signatures. Everyone could recognize prototype artist characters. Skinny beggars became an allegorical depiction of hunger, fat butchers became well-fed royalists.

Revolutionary time is a golden time for cartoonists. But revolutions pass, and satirists remain out of work ... So it happened with Daumier. Unable to save for a comfortable life, Daumier was left completely alone by old age. Blindness added to everything ... Life could end tragically. Friends helped. Camille Corot rented a house for Domier and hired a nurse ... It was amazing that even almost completely blind, Domier continued to draw. In another way, he could no longer.

One of Daumier's most famous works is Don Quixote. The Spanish knight of the Sad image, fighting with windmills and faithfully believing in the truth ... Honore Daumier will remain so in the history of world art.


Watch the video: 4 Honoré Daumier: The Incriminating Evidence (November 2021).