Museums and Art

Golden sculptures: ancient and modern products

Golden sculptures: ancient and modern products

From the most ancient times, people have treated gold as a magic metal that brings happiness, joy, and health. Sacred objects, magic talismans were made of gold, gold was gold as the equivalent of the value of all material goods.

Even in the oldest states of our planet golden sculptures were something special, out of the ordinary. Legends formed about them, people came to see them, not only rulers were proud of them, but also entire nations and continents.

Most often, a golden sculpture (usually an idol in a temple) was designed to demonstrate the power of the state in fear of its neighbors. Sometimes rulers sought to appease the gods in times of natural disaster or internal turmoil. Not everyone could afford such a luxury. It is interesting that history often reports about a particular ruler only by the fact of their involvement in the creation of a huge golden statue, which suggests that not the most prominent personalities most often suffered from gold giantomania.

The oldest golden statue appeared in Mesopotamia, or rather in Nineveh. We are talking about the sculpture of the goddess Rhea, which was cast from 250 tons of gold by order of the legendary queen Shammuramat (Semiramis). The statue was a sacrifice to the gods and the altar at the same time. Shammuramat is the only female ruler in the history of the Ancient East. The statue is intended as a thank you to the gods who helped the queen to seize power. It is known that a golden monument was erected after the previous sacrifice (a golden statue weighing 30 tons) was rejected by the gods - the daughter died of the tsarina.

The large statue was an image of the mother goddess sitting on the throne, surrounded by altar lions.

An outstanding victim did not help - the ruler fell at the hands of her own son. The heirs sawed and melted the statue. In Mesopotamia, everything was changing rapidly.

Another monumental golden sculpture was created during the late times in Egypt. Until now, the reliability of reports of this impressive sculpture has not been proven. However, in written sources she retold several dozen times. This is a giant golden phallus, made by order of Pharaoh Ptolemy Philadelphus in the year of the terrible famine in Egypt. The length of this product was about 60 meters, diameter - 3 meters. The sculpture was decorated with crowns, and 1000 bulls in one harness transported it.

The meaning of this expensive and strange ceremony is easily explained - this gigantic symbol of fertility was intended to propitiate the gods and give an unprecedented harvest. The further fate of this golden monster is unknown.

The Golden Horde in its heyday was also famous for its golden statues. Having become rich after raids on rich Russian cities and having imposed a tribute to them, Khan Batu ordered all the spoils to be converted into gold and two sculptures of horses were melted from it. Having inserted rubies into the golden horseshoes, the ruler ordered them to decorate the city gates of the capital of his state.

Capitals changed, rulers changed, but golden horses continued to adorn the gates of Khan's residences. They disappeared during the time of Mamai. Their fate is unknown. Only legends that excite the blood of treasure lovers have survived.

There are gold sculptures preserved to this day, as well as made recently.

In the Chinatown of Bangkok, the Buddha statue, made of pure gold in the 13th century, is stored. Then the statue was considered lost until the surprising was revealed: it turns out that during one of the bloody wars, the monks covered the golden statue with plaster in order to protect it from greedy enemies. A small fragment of gypsum revealed a secret. The weight of the golden Buddha is about 6 tons, height 3 meters. The classic image of an enlightened lotus position can be viewed by anyone during the big Buddhist holidays.

The sculptural image of the famous Kate Moss called Siren was sculpted by the famous modern sculptor Mark Quinn. The figure is made of pure gold, weight - 50 kg. The sculpture depicts a celebrity in a complex pose during yoga exercises. To date, this work of art is recognized as the most expensive. The original was auctioned for nearly a million dollars by an anonymous Asian collector, and a copy (not gold, but bronze) is in the British Museum.

Watch the video: Polychromy in Greek and Roman Sculpture (November 2021).